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Thomas Percy

Biographie

Né le 13 avril 1729 — Mort le 30 septembre 1811

Homme d'église, érudit, traducteur et poète, il est chapelain du roi d'Angleterre George III avant d'être nommé évêque de Dromore (Irlande). Dans le domaine des lettres, il est surtout connu pour avoir rescapé un manuscrit qui appartenait à son ami Humphrey Pitt, de Shiffnal (Shropshire). Alors que ce manuscrit traînait par terre sous un bureau et servait à allumer le feu, Percy convainquit son ami de le lui donner. Son nouveau propriétaire le fit relier, le lut, l'annota copieusement et s'en servit en partie pour ses célèbres Reliques of Ancient English Poetry, qui parurent pour la première fois en 1765.

Le manuscrit, aujourd'hui surnommé le « Percy Folio », est un recueil très précieux car, même s'il ne date que du XVIIe siècle, il contient un grand nombre de récits, romans et ballades en moyen anglais, parmi lesquels plusieurs sont des unica. Il a fait l'objet d'une édition intégrale par Hales et Furnivall en 1867-1868, mais ce n'est pas avant la fin du XIXe siècle qu'il est entré dans les collections de la bibliothèque du British Museum, où il est conservé sous la cote Additional 27879.

Bibliographie

  1. Reliques of Ancient English Poetry

    Éditions modernes
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry: Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets, (Chiefly of the Lyric Kind) Together with Some Few of Later Date, London, Dodsley, 1765, 3 t. [GB: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3] [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry: Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets, (Chiefly of the Lyric Kind) Together with Some Few of Later Date, 2e éd., London, Dodsley, 1767, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
    • Ancient and Modern Songs and Ballads [taken from Percy's Reliques], Göttingen, Bossiegel, 1767, 46 p.
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry: Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets, (Chiefly of the Lyric Kind) Together with Some Few of Later Date, 3e éd., London, Dodsley, 1775, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry: Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets, (Chiefly of the Lyric Kind.) Together with Some Few of Later Date, London et Francfort, Fleischer, 1790-1791, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry: Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets, (Chiefly of the Lyric Kind) Together with Some Few of Later Date, 4e éd., London, Nichols for Rivington, 1794, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets, (Chiefly of the Lyric Kind.) Together with Some Few of Later Date, Francfort, Varrentraff and Wenner, 1803, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry: Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets; Together with Some Few of Later Date, 5e éd., London, Rivington et Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown, 1812, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry: Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets; Together with Some Few of Later Date. The first American from the fifth London edition, Philadelphia, Moore, 1823, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry: Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets; Together with Some Few of Later Date. A new edition in three volumes, London, Lewis, 1839, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry: Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets; Together with Some Few of Later Date, and a Copious Glossary, London, John Templeman, John Russell Smith et John Miller, 1839, xli + 307 p. [IA]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry: Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets; Together with Some Few of Later Date, and a Copious Glossary, London, John Templeman, John Russell Smith et John Miller, 1840, xli + 307 p. [IA]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry: Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets; Together with Some Few of Later Date. New edition in three volumes, London, Washbourne, 1844, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry: Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets, Together with Some Few of Later Date, London, Moxon, 1844, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry: Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets; Together with Some Few of Later Date, and a Copious Glossary, London, Bohn, 1845, xli + 307 p. [IA]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry: Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets, Together with Some Few of Later Date, London, Moxon, 1846, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry; Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets; Together with Some Few of Later Date. New edition in three volumes, London, Washbourne, 1847, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry; Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets; Together with Some Few of Later Date, and a Copious Glossary, London, Bohn, 1851, xli + 307 p. [IA]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry; Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of the Earlier Poets, with Some of Later Date, not Included in any other Edition. To which is now added a supplement of many curious historical and narrative ballads, reprinted from rare copies with a copious glossary and notes, Philadelphia, Desilver; Boston, Phillips, Sampson and Co., 1855, 558 p. [IA]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry; Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets; Together with Some Few of Later Date. New edition in three volumes, London, Washbourne, 1857, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry; Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets; Together with Some Few of Later Date, Leipzig, Tauchnitz (Collection of British Authors, 847-849), 1866, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
    • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry: Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces. With a supplement of many curious historical and narrative ballads, reprinted from rare copies, and a copious glossary and notes, Philadelphia, Porter and Coates, [1870?], 558 p. [IA]
    • Percy's Reliques of Ancient English Poetry, London, Dent; New York, Dutton (Everyman's Library), 1906, 2 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2]
      Réimpressions:
      • 1910
      • 1926
    • éd. R. A. Willmott:
      • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets, Together with Some Few of Later Date, edited by Robert Aris Willmott. Illustrated by Edward Corbould. New edition, London et New York, Routledge and Sons, 1869, lxxvi + 610 p. [IA]
        Éditions antérieures:
    • éd. G. Gilfillan (et C. C. Clarke):
      • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry; Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets; Together with Some Few of Later Date. Reprinted entire from the author's last edition. With memoir and critical dissertation. The text edited by Charles Cowden Clarke, Edinburgh, Nimmo, 1869, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
        Éditions antérieures:
        • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry; Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets; Together with Some Few of Later Date. Reprinted entire from the author's last edition. With memoir and critical dissertation by the Rev. George Gilfillan, Edinburgh, James Nichol; London, James Nisbet and Co.; Dublin, W. Robertson, 1858, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
        • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry; Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets; Together with Some Few of Later Date. Reprinted entire from the author's last edition. With memoir and critical dissertation by the Rev. George Gilfillan. The text edited by Charles Cowden Clarke, Edinburgh, James Nichol; London, James Nisbet and Co.; Dublin, W. Robertson; Liverpool, G. Philip and Son, 1864, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
    • éd. J. V. Prichard:
      • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets, Together with Some of Later Date, edited by J. V. Prichard, London, Bell and Sons, 1905-1906, 2 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2]
        Éditions antérieures:
        • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets, Together with Some of Later Date, edited by J. V. Prichard, London, Bell and Sons, 1876, 2 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2]
        • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets, Together with Some of Later Date, edited by J. V. Prichard, London, Bell and Sons, 1892, 2 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2]
        • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets, Together with Some of Later Date, edited by J. V. Prichard, London, Bell and Sons, 1900, 2 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2]
    • éd. H. B. Wheatley:
      • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry, Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets; Together with Some Few of Later Date. Edited, with a general introduction, additional prefaces, notes, etc., by Henry B. Wheatley, London, Sonnenschein and Co., 1891, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
        Éditions antérieures:
        • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry, Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets; Together with Some Few of Later Date. Edited, with a general introduction, additional prefaces, notes, etc., by Henry B. Wheatley, London, Bickers and Son, 1876-1877, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
        • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry, Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets, Together with Some Few of Later Date. Edited, with a general introduction, additional prefaces, notes, glossary, etc., by Henry B. Wheatley, London, Sonnenschein, Lebas, and Lowrey, 1886, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
        • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry, Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets; Together with Some Few of Later Date. Edited, with a general introduction, additional prefaces, notes, etc., by Henry B. Wheatley, London, Sonnenschein, Lowrey and Co., 1887, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
        • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry, Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and Other Pieces of our Earlier Poets, Together with Some Few of Later Date. Edited, with a general introduction, additional prefaces, notes, glossary, etc., by Henry B. Wheatley, London, Sonnenschein and Co., 1889, 3 t. [IA: t. 1, t. 2, t. 3]
    • éd. E. Walford:
      • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry, Consisting of Old Heroic Ballads, Songs, etc. A new edition. Edited by Edward Walford, M. A. With a glossary and life, London et New York, Warne (The Chandos Classics), 1887, 438 p. [IA]
    • éd. A. Schröer:
      • Percy's Reliques of Ancient English Poetry nach der ersten Ausgabe von 1765 mit den Varianten der späteren Originalausgaben herausgegeben und mit Einleitung und Registern versehen von Dr. M. M. Arnold Schröer, Berlin, Felber, 1893, 2 t. [GB: t. 1, t. 2] [IA: t. 1, t. 2]
    • éd. N. Groom:
      • Percy, Thomas, Reliques of Ancient English Poetry, with a new introduction by Nick Groom, London, Routledge et Thoemmes Press, 1996, 3 t.
    Traductions modernes
    • en français:
    Études
    • Dane, Joseph A., Out of Sorts: On Typography and Print Culture, Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania Press (Material Texts), 2011, xii + 242 p.
    • Groom, Nick, The Making of Percy's "Reliques", Oxford, Clarendon Press (Oxford English Monographs), 1999, xiv + 290 p.
    • Hecht, Hans, Thomas Percy und William Shenstone: ein Briefwechsel aus der Entstehungszeit der "Reliques of Ancient English Poetry", herausgegeben mit Einleitung und Anmerkungen, Strassburg, Trübner (Quellen und Forschungen zur Sprach-und Culturgeschichte der germanischen Völker, 103), 1909, xxxvi + 144 p. [IA]
    • Lohre, Heinrich, Von Percy zum Wunderhorn. Beiträge zur Geschichte der Volksliedforschung in Deutschland, Berlin, Mayer und Müller (Palaestra, 22), 1902, xii + 136 p. [GB] [IA: ex. 1, ex. 2]
    • Musical Illustrations of Bishop Percy's Reliques of Ancient English Poetry. A collection of old ballad tunes, etc. chiefly from rare MSS. and early printed books. Deciphered from the obsolete notation, and harmonized and arranged according to modern usage by Edward F. Rimbault, London, Cramer, Beale, and Co., 1850, xii + 119 p. [GB] [IA]
    • Willinsky, Margarete, Bischof Percy's Bearbeitung der Volksballaden und Kunstgedichte seines Folio-Manuskriptes, Leipzig, Tauchnitz (Beiträge zur englischen Philologie, 22), 1932, [xi] + 227 p.
    • Wüscher, Gottlieb, Der Einfluss der englischen Balladenpoesie auf die französische Litteratur von Percy's Reliques of Ancient English Poetry bis zu de La Villemarqué's Barzaz-Breiz, 1765-1840, Trogen, Schläpfer'sche Buchdruckerei, 1891, 93 p. [GB] [IA]
Rédaction: Laurent Brun
Dernière mise à jour: 2 mai 2018